As long as the human body, and especially that of man, does not fail and does not report poor health with pain in any part of it, it seems that this representative of the stronger sex will always be young and healthy, and minor and painful ailments the symptoms will go away on their own. But, according to statistics, the first signs of prostatitis in men appear insignificantly and, as a result, are ignored by the men themselves, which ultimately entails quite serious consequences. What needs to be done at the first manifestations and signs of the development of prostatitis, how to prevent an exacerbation of the nature of the disease and prevent undesirable consequences - we will consider later in this article.
According to statistics, prostatitis is the most common purely male urological disease, which is an inflammation of such a component of the reproductive system as the prostate gland, located under the bladder. Simply put, the prostate sits next to the urinary tube, covering it. Inflammation of the prostate causes its enlargement, as a result of which it presses on the urinary canal, reduces the lumen in it, which does not completely empty the bladder during urination.
Several decades ago, prostatitis was considered a disease of mature age, as this disease was observed in the stronger sex after the age of 45, while today the signs of inflammation of the prostate can also appear in young men (under 30).
The prostate gland in a man's body performs the following functions:
- produces a secret that makes sperm more fluid and helps to increase the duration of sperm activity;
- produces prostaglandins and other active ingredients and hormones;
- provides a sufficient rate of sperm release;
- protects sperm from entering urine.
The main problem that appears as a result of the development of prostatitis is that with an increase in the volume of the gland itself, an increasing amount of urine remains after urination in the bladder and poisons the man's body. Therefore, even minor symptoms of inflammation should not be ignored, so as not to trigger the disease to more serious consequences.
The results of long-term clinical studies made it possible to identify the main causes of the disease and the groups of people who most often suffer from prostatitis.
Hence, the risk group includes men:
- working seated for a long time, as well as leading a sedentary lifestyle;
- I am overweight;
- having promiscuous sexual intercourse, the consequences of which can be damage from sexually transmitted infections;
- suffer from frequent constipation, which causes the spread of microorganisms and bacterial inflammation of the prostate;
- experiencing excessive stress on the groin muscles due to injury or occupational reasons, such as drivers;
- susceptible to frequent hypothermia, hormonal disorders, as well as those whose sexual life is not regular.
Signs of prostatitis in men
Any serious disease warns of its early stage of development with certain signals. If you do not take them into consideration and do not seek the advice of a specialist in time, you can waste valuable time that can be used to cure the disease from the very beginning.
Often the disease proceeds without definite signs, passing without due attention to a chronic form that is difficult to cure.
With some signs, he warns of his early stage of development of any serious illness
But if a person is attentive to the changes that occur to him, he will certainly notice the initial symptoms of inflammation in the following manifestations of prostatitis in men:
- Frequent need to urinate during the night.
- The process of emptying the bladder itself is difficult, with characteristic weak pressure, intermittent or split flow, painful and longer than its normal course.
- A man experiences a burning sensation when urinating, after which a feeling of a full bladder remains.
- Painful sensations during bowel movements.
- Decreased quality of erection, fatigue, involuntary nocturnal erections.
- Feeling of chills due to increased body temperature.
- Highlight a specific color.
Symptoms of prostatitis
Prostatitis caused by microorganisms (bacterial) can usually manifest itself in acute and chronic forms, each of which is distinguished by the presence of special symptoms:
- if prostatitis is observed in acute form, a significant increase in body temperature is a frequent phenomenon, the pain extends not only to the prostate area, but also radiates to the groin and even to the lumbar region, men note the presence difficulty and frequent urination, decreased libido;
- the chronic course of prostatitis is characterized by characteristic pain in the pelvic and perineal region, the presence of blood clots in the sperm and painful ejaculation, frequent nocturnal urge to urinate, which is accompanied by burning and pain.
What is the peculiarity of acute and chronic inflammation?
Acute prostatitis is much less common than chronic prostatitis. A feature of the manifestation of the acute form of the disease is a characteristic severe pain that dislocates in the perineum and intensifies during urination and defecation. In addition, there may be persistent discharge from the urinary canal and a decrease in erection. The temperature can rise up to 38-39 degrees. In severe cases, with acute urinary retention, severe intoxication of the body is possible.
Chronic prostatitis has symptoms similar to other urological diseases and sometimes even asymptomatic. But it can be recognized by mild and rapid pain in the perineum, as well as in the groin and pubic region. The duration and quality of intercourse changes significantly, and there may be sediment in the form of white flakes in the urine during morning urination. There may be a characteristic discharge after emptying the bladder.
If a disease such as prostatitis is not identified and its timely treatment is not initiated, the consequences can be very deplorable - from violations of the patient's usual lifestyle, provoked by addiction to the toilet, constant unpleasant and painful sensations, intoxication due to poisoning with the products of the vital activity of the organism contained in stagnant urine, up to significant disturbances in the genital area, up to impotence and infertility.
In addition, prostatitis in a man reduces the quality of sperm and, consequently, the likelihood of conception. Pathological processes occurring in the prostate gland can cause its abscess, renal failure and inflammation of other organs of the genitourinary system.
In whatever form prostatitis proceeds, this process is necessarily accompanied by the pain syndrome, and the pain often radiates to the scrotum, sacrum, abdomen, back and pelvic region. The prostate itself cannot give such severe pain, but the nerve endings of other pelvic organs react sharply to the inflammatory processes localized in it.
Discharge from the urinary canal with prostatitis can be of the following types:
- Milky in color, dense consistency discharge - signals the development of an inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
- Uncontrolled discharge of sperm from the urethra - indicates the transition of prostatitis to a chronic form or the development of other diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Purulent discharge appears with a slow prostatitis, but in combination with an elevated temperature it is a symptom of the transition of the disease into an acute form.
- Purulent discharge with an admixture of mucus is observed in the presence of bacterial prostatitis caused by microorganisms, the infection of which occurs mainly through sexual contact.
Treatment of prostatitis
Complete cure of prostatitis is a rather lengthy process that requires an integrated approach. First, with the help of laboratory tests, diagnostics are performed to determine the nature of the disease, ultrasound examinations, MRI and tomography are prescribed, with their help they clearly determine the presence of this particular disease, and not another with similar symptoms.
As soon as the diagnosis of prostatitis is confirmed, the urologist prescribes the necessary therapy, which includes:
- Medicines that improve blood circulation.
- Pain relieving drugs.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- If there are signs of intoxication, detox solutions and electrolytes are prescribed.
- Other activities can include diet foods, physical therapy, and sedatives.
Surgical treatment is indicated only for prostate abscess or complete blockage of the outflow from the bladder.
How to cure prostatitis at home
Traditional methods of treating prostatitis include the use of natural remedies such as:
- Pumpkin seeds.
- Broth and enemas with it from chestnut peel.
- Tincture of ripe chestnut fruits.
- Freshly squeezed juices of carrots, beets, cucumbers, asparagus.
- Elderberry juice (black).
- Prostatic massage.
However, it should be remembered that such funds are auxiliary, the treatment process will be quite long and must be supervised by a qualified urologist.
Prevention of prostatitis
Any man can independently carry out preventive measures:
- pay attention to physical activity, rationally alternate work, rest and physical activity;
- walk, and the more the better;
- adhere to the rules of a healthy diet and lifestyle;
- visit a doctor if even minor symptoms of the development of the disease appear;
- use contraceptives;
- men at risk of not carrying weights and also of avoiding excessive physical exertion;
- adhere to an orderly sex life.
The forums dedicated to the various methods of treating prostate diseases are full of messages, the leitmotif of which is the same:
- the disease affects about 60 percent of adult men (over 40);
- many of them constantly postpone a visit to a specialist, triggering the disease, as a result of which prostatitis becomes a chronic disease;
- the pain signals that appear and the presence of characteristic discharges are often perceived as manifestations of sexually transmitted diseases and independently, and sometimes on the advice of friends, take drugs, although they know for sure that it is better to consult a specialist;
- almost all of them have erectile dysfunction, decreased sexual desire and sexual dysfunction.